Personalized Therapy for Children and Adults
A licensed and certified Speech-Language Pathologist providing services for a variety of communication and swallowing/feeding disorders.
The ability to communicate is important for all people. It's about expressing your needs, ideas and desires, maintaining independence, personality and individuality. We use speech and language to connect with others, strengthen bonds, take initiative, prevent misunderstanding, express our feelings and make our opinions known.
Sometimes the ability to communicate is impaired. When this happens, a Speech-Language Pathologist can be the key to helping rebuild and/or establish effective communication.
What Speech-Language Pathologists Do
Speech-language pathologists diagnose and treat communication and swallowing disorders in patients. At Lakeshore Speech, we offer:
• Family / Caregivers
• IEP Consultation
• Bilingual English / Russian Services
Articulation / Phonology
Apraxia of Speech
Autism / Asperger's
Traumatic Brain Injury
|What are speech and language disorders?|
Speech and language disorders affect one's ability to talk, understand, read, and write. Such disorders have different causes, and may range from a few speech sound errors or repetitions of sounds or words to a total loss of the ability to use speech to communicate effectively.
How many persons have speech and language disorders?
The prevalence of speech sound disorders in young children is 8-9%. By the first grade,
roughly 5% of children have noticeable speech disorders; the majority of these speech
disorders have no known cause.
Between 6 and 8 million people in the United States have some form of
About one million persons in the United States have aphasia (partial or complete
impairment of language comprehension and expression caused by brain damage,
most often from stroke).
It is estimated that more than 3 million Americans stutter.
Approximately 7.5 million people in the United States have a voice disorder.
Source: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
What is a speech disorder?
A speech disorder is a problem with fluency, voice, and/or how a person says speech sounds.
Fluency Disorder — an interruption in the flow or rhythm of speech characterized by hesitations, repetitions, or prolongations of sounds, syllables, words, or phrases.
Articulation Disorder — difficulties with the way sounds are formed and strung together, usually characterized by substituting one sound for another (wabbit for rabbit), omitting a sound (han for hand), and distorting a sound (ship for sip).
Voice Disorder — characterized by inappropriate pitch (too high, too low, never changing, or interrupted by breaks); quality (harsh, hoarse, breathy, or nasal); loudness, resonance, and duration.
What is a language disorder?
A language disorder is a problem with understanding and/or using spoken, written, and/or other symbol systems (e.g., gestures, sign language). The disorder may involve 1) the form of language (phonology, morphology, syntax), 2) the content of the language (semantics), and/or the function of language in communication (pragmatics) in any combination.
1. Form of Language
Phonology is the sound system of a language and the rules about how sounds are combined.
Morphology is the structure of words and how word forms are constructed.
Syntax is the order and combination of words to form sentences.
2. Content of Language
Semantics is related to the meanings of words and sentences.
3. Function of Language
Pragmatics is the combination of language components (phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics) in functional and socially appropriate ways.
Impaired language development
characterized by a marked slowness or gaps in the development of language skills.
the loss of acquired language abilities, generally resulting from stroke or brain injury.
How can a speech-language pathologist help individuals with speech and language disorders?
Treatment will vary depending on the nature and severity of the problem, the age of the individual, and the individual's awareness of the problem. Speech-language pathologists select intervention approaches based on the highest quality of scientific evidence available in order to:
Help individuals with articulation disorders to learn how to say speech sounds correctly
In addition to working with children and adults with speech and language disorders, speech-language pathologists also assess and treat:
Assist individuals with voice disorders to develop proper control of the vocal and respiratory systems for correct voice production
Assist individuals who stutter to increase their fluency
Help children with language disorders to improve language comprehension and production (e.g., grammar, vocabulary, and conversation, and story-telling skills)
Assist individuals with aphasia to improve comprehension of speech and reading and production of spoken and written language
Assist individuals with severe communication disorders with the use of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) systems, including speech-generating devices (SGDs)
Help individuals with speech and language disorders and their communication partners understand the disorders to achieve more effective communication in educational, social, and vocational settings
Advise individuals and the community on how to prevent speech and language disorders
Swallowing disorders — the inability to eat, drink or swallow safely and effectively.
Cognitive-communication disorders — the impairment of cognitive processes including attention, memory, abstract reasoning, awareness, and executive functions (e.g., self-monitoring, planning and problem solving).
Auditory processing disorders — the inability to understand spoken language in the absence of a hearing problem.
Accent modification — provided for individuals without communication disorders.