Language is made up of socially shared rules that include the following:
When a person has trouble understanding others (receptive language), or sharing thoughts, ideas, and feelings completely (expressive language), then he or she has a language disorder.
What are some signs or symptoms of preschool language disorders? Some children have problems with understanding, also called receptive language. They may have trouble:
Some children have problems talking, also called expressive language. They may have trouble:
Many children have problems with both understanding and talking. Some children also have trouble with early reading and writing, such as:
They want to know:
For understanding and talking, the SLP will see if your child:
SLPs will see if your child's speech is easy to understand. They will see how your child uses her lips, tongue, and teeth to make sounds. They will have your child imitate sounds or words.
For early reading and writing, the SLP will see if your child:
Here are some possible treatment goals:
What can I do to help? Here are some language tips:
What causes preschool language disorders? Often the cause of a language disorder in not known. Some causes of preschool language disorders may be:
Types of preschool language disorders may include problems with:
The child with dyslexia has trouble almost exclusively with the written (or printed) word. The child who has dyslexia as part of a larger language learning disability has trouble with both the spoken and the written word. These problems may include difficulty with the following:
For preschool students, the SLP may do any or all of the following:
For the older child, the SLP may also do any or all of the following:
For all children, the SLP will also provide a complete language evaluation and also look at articulation and executive function.
Executive functioning is the ability to plan, organize, and attend to details (e.g., does he or she plan/organize his or her writing? Is he or she able to keep track of assignments and school materials?).
What treatments are available for people with a language-based learning disability?
The goals of speech and language treatment for the child with a reading problem target the specific aspects of reading and writing that the student is missing. For example, if the student is able to read words but is unable to understand the details of what has been read, comprehension is addressed. If a younger student has difficulty distinguishing the different sounds that make up words, treatment will focus on activities that support growth in this skill area (rhyming, tapping out syllables, etc.).
Individualized programs always relate to the school work. Therefore, materials for treatment are taken from or are directly related to content from classes (e.g., textbooks for reading activities, assigned papers for writing activities, practice of oral reports for English class). The student is taught to apply newly learned language strategies to classroom activities and assignments. To assist the child best, the SLP may work side-by-side with the child in his or her classroom(s).
Intervention with spoken language (speaking and listening) can also be designed to support the development of written language. For example, after listening to a story, the student may be asked to state and write answers to questions. He or she may be asked to give a verbal and then a written summary of the story.
The SLP consults and collaborates with teachers to develop the use of strategies and techniques in the classroom. For example, the SLP may help the teacher modify how new material is presented in lessons to accommodate the child's comprehension needs. The SLP may also demonstrate what planning strategies the student uses to organize and focus written assignments.
If your child is in need of language disorder therapy or language development, Lakeshore Speech is conveniently located in Highland Park, Illinois and also serves the surrounding Glencoe, Deerfield, Lake Forest and Highwood areas. Contact us to schedule an appointment.